Drugs of abuse are those that are the most addictive and which alter thinking and mood, impair judgment, and produce strong cravings. Most drugs of abuse are classified as Schedule I and Schedule II by the U.S. government.
Schedule I drugs are considered the most dangerous and have the highest potential for abuse, and may lead to a severe physical and psychological addiction. Schedule I drugs include heroin, LSD, and ecstasy.
Schedule II drugs are a little less dangerous than Schedule I drugs, and they have less abuse potential. However, they are nonetheless dangerous and addictive substances. Schedule II drugs include most prescription stimulants, sedatives, and opiates, as well as street drugs like cocaine and meth.
In addition to the Federal schedule, there are a number of ways to categorize drugs of abuse, such as by how they’re taken (inhaled, snorted, injected, smoked, or swallowed) or the by type of effect they produce based on how they affect brain function (hallucinogens, tranquilizers, opiate painkillers, sedatives, stimulants.)
If you are ready to step away from drugs of abuse and begin rehabilitation treatment, call Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich at (203) 242-8261.
The Most Commonly Abused Drugs
The most common drugs of abuse are alcohol and illegal and prescription opiates, sedatives, and stimulants.
Alcohol is a depressant that slows the function of the body’s nervous system. Alcohol abuse and addition affect 17.6 million Americans each year. Over time, this substance changes the structure of the brain and the amount of the chemicals it produces, making withdrawal very painful and potentially dangerous or even fatal.
Signs of abuse include:
Opiates work by binding to pain receptors in the brain and spinal cord and blocking the transmission of the sensation of pain. Heroin is an example of an illegal opiate, while OxyContin and Vicodin are examples of commonly abused prescription opiate painkillers.
Signs of opiate abuse include:
Prescription stimulants are used to treat conditions like narcolepsy and ADD by increasing the amount of norepinephrine and dopamine the brain produces, which results in sharpened attention, increased alertness, and a higher level of energy. Illegal stimulants include cocaine and crystal meth.
Signs of stimulant abuse include:
Sedatives treat conditions like anxiety and panic disorders, insomnia, and seizures. They increase the amount of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which slows down nerve transmission in the body. Commonly abused sedatives include benzodiazepines like Klonopin and Valium, barbiturates such as Nembutal and Seconal, and non-benzodiazepine sleeping aids like Ambien and Lunesta.
Signs of sedative abuse include:
At Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich, we offer inpatient and outpatient substance abuse treatment programs to help users recover from abuse or addiction.
If you’s like to learn more about the rehabilitation services offered at Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich, call us now at (203) 242-8261. Our expereincesd and certified addiction specialists can help answer any questions you may have and help you find the program that best suits your needs or those of a loved one.