Addiction to drugs and alcohol is a disease that can cause serious problems in the user’s life, from legal and financial problems to deteriorating physical and mental health and family relationships.
Comprehensive treatment is essential for beating an addiction to drugs or alcohol, and medical detox makes the withdrawal process less excruciating, and less likely to result in relapse before treatment can begin.
Medical detox is supervised by medical personnel and involves administering medications to help alleviate the uncomfortable, and often dangerous, symptoms of withdrawal and reduce the intensity of cravings.
During the medical detox process, the patient’s condition is continually monitored, and assessments of underlying physical and mental health are performed so that these issues can be addressed during treatment. Call Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich today at (203) 242-8261 to find out more about our services and treatment programs.
Detoxing at home without medical supervision is particularly dangerous for those withdrawing from alcohol and sedatives. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms may include seizures and delirium tremens, also known as DTs, which cause death in 5 to 15 percent of those who experience them. Quitting cold turkey often results in relapse due to the often excruciating withdrawal symptoms and intense cravings associated with some drugs.
Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich provides recovering addicts with an inpatient program, where their withdrawal process will be more successful with the close supervision by medical and mental health professionals and the removal of the patient from triggers that may tempt relapse.
Outpatient substance abuse programs can also be successful, but only for those individuals who are deeply committed to recovery, have a strong support system at home, and who have the mental capacity to avoid using during the process.
Physical withdrawal symptoms from alcohol include tremors, hallucinations, seizures, and delirium tremens, which are characterized by dangerously high blood pressure and body temperature.
Medications used during this process include:
If you are tired of living with alcohol dependence, we can help you. Call Alcohol Treatment Centers Greenwich at 203-242-8261 today.
The medical detox process differs for each of the three main classes of addictive drugs, which are stimulants, opiates, and sedatives.
Weaning patients off of stimulants, including prescription drugs like Adderall and Dexedrine or illegal drugs like cocaine and crystal meth, produces symptoms such as intense cravings, depression and anxiety, irritability, and suicidal thoughts. While the FDA hasn’t approved any drugs specifically for alleviating cravings and other symptoms, many physicians prescribe bupropion, which includes drugs like Welbutrin and Zyban, to reduce cravings and the depressive symptoms of withdrawal.
Withdrawing from opiates, which include prescription medications like Oxycontin and Vicodin and illegal drugs like heroin and opium, produces symptoms that may include anxiety, agitation, and irritability, muscle aches, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea, hot or cold sweats nausea and vomiting, and low energy and insomnia.
Drugs used in the medical opiate detox process include methadone to suppress withdrawal symptoms and alleviate intense cravings. Clonidine reduces anxiety and agitation. Subutex alleviates symptoms and shortens the duration of the process. Antidepressants like Paxil help to combat depression and insomnia. And Naltrexone, which is administered after the process is complete, helps to block the effects of opiates at receptor sites to help prevent relapse.
Detoxing from sedatives is a slower process than alcohol, opiate, and stimulant detox. Rather than stopping abruptly, the dosage is reduced over the course of a few weeks to prevent common, but potentially dangerous symptoms like high blood pressure and body temperature and seizures.
Sedatives include prescription medications Xanax and Valium, non-benzodiazepine sleeping aids like Ambien and Sonata, and barbiturates that include Nembutal and Seconal.
Detoxification of the body is only the first step in substance abuse or addiction recovery. During the this process, the patient is evaluated for underlying physical and mental health issues that may be contributing to the dependence on drugs and alcohol. These issues are addressed during treatment through individual, group, and family counseling and behavioral therapy, which also provide the patient with individualized coping skills for dealing with stress and other triggers.
After medical detox treatment, a personalized relapse prevention plan is set in place, which will include ongoing therapy and counseling and other essential tools and skills to help prevent relapse.