While you can abuse a substance like drugs or alcohol without becoming addicted, substance abuse often leads to physical and psychological dependence. Addiction is a brain disease brought on by structural and chemical changes in the brain.
Through substance abuse rehab, powerful psychological factors like false beliefs and underlying mental illness are addressed. Substance abuse rehab can help you or your loved one change thought patterns and addictive behaviors through counseling, therapy, and other program components.
Recovery at a substance abuse rehab facility is most effective with a holistic program that addresses not just the physical and behavioral aspects of substance abuse, but also the psychological aspects of abuse. These psychological factors are powerful contributors to self-destructive behaviors and often pave the way to addiction.
Treatment starts with the right help. For help now, call Drug Treatment Centers Greenwich at (203) 242-8261.
Different Types of Substance Abuse
Examples of substance abuse include binge drinking, taking prescription medications for non-medical purposes, and using illegal drugs. Some of the general signs of substance abuse include:
Physical warning signs of abuse include:
Alcohol abuse and addiction directly causes 88,000 deaths every year, and traffic accidents involving alcohol claim an additional 10,000 plus lives annually. Long-term effects of alcohol abuse include liver disease, learning and memory problems, high blood pressure, and a number of cancers.
Opiates include prescription drugs like OxyContin and Vicodin and street drugs like opium and heroin. Long-term effects of opiate use include organ damage and impaired memory and thinking. Signs of opiate abuse include persistent constipation, depression or confusion, low blood pressure, and poor coordination.
Stimulants include prescription medications like Adderall and Dexedrine and street drugs like cocaine and methamphetamine. Signs of stimulant abuse include extreme weight loss, agitation and irritability, insomnia, and high blood pressure. Long-term health effects of stimulant abuse include high blood pressure, malnutrition, dental problems, aggression, and paranoia.
Sedatives include the prescription drugs in the benzodiazepine family, such as Klonopin and Xanax. Non-benzodiazepine sleeping medications like Ambien and Lunesta are also substances of abuse. Signs of sedative abuse include poor judgment, drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, and impaired coordination. Long-term health effects of using sedatives include impaired memory and brain function, low blood pressure, and depression.
How to Help Your Loved One Get Help
Everyone has the capacity to recover from abuse or addiction. If a loved one is suffering from alcohol or drug abuse or addiction, you can encourage them to get help:
Do speak up and tell them your concerns. Offer your support, and be ready to respond to denial and excuses with concrete examples of why you’re worried.
Don’t punish, preach, bribe, or threaten, and don’t argue with them while they’re under the influence.
Do take care of yourself first. Find a relapse prevention support group or therapy to help you understand the abuse or addiction issue, and stay healthy, positive, and focused.
Don’t impart guilt or judgment, and don’t blame yourself for the problem.
Do consider a formal or informal intervention. A professional interventionist or addiction expert can help you plan and execute an intervention to help encourage your loved one to get help through substance abuse counseling or an inpatient drug rehab program.
Don’t protect the abuser from natural consequences, take responsibility for their actions, or make excuses for them.